Siting, Leasing, & Permitting

(Generation, Transmission, & Grid Interconnection)

Large-Scale Offshore Wind Power in the United States: Assessment of Opportunities and Barriers

Source/Sponsor: 
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Creator/Author: 
Walter Musial, NREL & Bonnie Ram, Energetics
Description: 

This NREL analysis takes a look at the US offshore wind market and discusses the barriers and challenges to growing the industry. Technological advances, siting strategies, risk reduction, and accelerated permitting can all play a significant role in driving the US market.  

http://www.nrel.gov/wind/pdfs/40745.pdf

Resource Type: 
Document

New York Offshore Wind Cost Reduction Study

Source/Sponsor: 
Special Initiative on Offshore Wind
Creator/Author: 
Stephanie McClellan
Description: 

A new study, conducted by the University of Delaware's Special Initiative on Offshore Wind for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, offers a roadmap of key strategic steps New York State can take to reduce costs of offshore wind power over the next decade. The study finds that ongoing technology and industry advances combined with actions New York could take, independently or with other states, could lower costs for offshore wind power as much as 50 percent and bring the clean-energy source closer to realizing its potential for "delivering utility-scale renewable electric generation" to New York City and nearby areas such as Long Island.  

A primary conclusion from the report is that supporting offshore wind development at scale, rather than on a project-by-project basis, could have the greatest impact on reducing costs.  Other actions the report cites that could lower costs include creating and using innovative financing mechanisms, developing infrastructure to reduce costs, and supporting site characterization for early projects to reduce development expenses and risk.

The study notes that while onshore wind development has expanded rapidly in the U.S., no operational offshore wind power projects have been completed to date due to complex construction challenges and the need for operational infrastructure that doesn't exist today in the U.S.  These factors lead to high costs and have delayed deployment.

The study identifies multiple paths for reducing offshore wind power costs in New York State, emphasizing that the "State can take actions in the near term to lower its costs substantially, independent of expected external reductions over the next decade." The study finds that taking advantage of wind turbine innovations and other technology and industry advances could lower costs about 20 percent. Direct steps taken by New York State could contribute up to an additional 30 percent reduction in a project's cost.http://www.ceoe.udel.edu/File%20Library/About/SIOW/New-York-Offshore-Wind-Cost-Reduction-Study-ff8-2.pdf

Publication Date: 
Tuesday, March 10, 2015
Resource Type: 
Document
State: 

BOEM Issues First Wind Energy Research Lease

Source/Sponsor: 
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Creator/Author: 
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Description: 

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) has executed a wind energy research lease with the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME).

This is BOEM’s first executed wind energy research lease. Under this lease, DMME proposes to design, develop and demonstrate a grid-connected, 12-megawatt (MW) offshore wind test facility on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) off the coast of Virginia – adjacent to the Virginia Wind Energy Area (WEA). The data obtained and lessons learned from this project will be made publicly available and inform the future production of renewable energy within the WEA. http://www.boem.gov/press03242015a/

Publication Date: 
Wednesday, April 8, 2015
Resource Type: 
Other
State: 

DONG Energy to Take Over Massachusetts Offshore Wind Lease

Source/Sponsor: 
North American Windpower
Creator/Author: 
NAW staff
Description: 

 

Denmark-based DONG Energy says it will develop the Massachusetts offshore wind lease area that was recently awarded to RES Americas. The transaction requires BOEM approval. http://www.nawindpower.com/e107_plugins/content/content.php?content.14097

Publication Date: 
Wednesday, April 8, 2015
Resource Type: 
Other

Cape Wind District Court Ruling Illustrates Challenges Faced in Coordinating Large-Scale Development across Multiple Agencies, Resources and Statutes

Source/Sponsor: 
Venable
Creator/Author: 
David Dickman, Margearet Kuhn, Laura Booman
Description: 

The March 2014 District Court ruling for Cape Wind, included claims that the project would be in violation of the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act, the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the National Historic Preservation Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act. This piece briefly explains the plaintiffs claim, as well as the legal reasoning provided by the court in finding for the defendant on each of these claims. 

pdf
164 KB
Publication Date: 
Thursday, October 9, 2014
Resource Type: 
Document

Patrick-Murray Administration Announces Federal Approval of Offshore Wind Deployment

Source/Sponsor: 
Massachusetts Clean Energy Center
Creator/Author: 
Catherine Williams, Matt Kakley
Description: 

The Patrick-Murray Administration announced EPA approval of the New Bedford Marine Commerce Terminal. This approval allows the project to accept bids from prospective developers. The project is a $100 million facility designed for marine traffic related to offshore wind turbine installation. 

Read the press release here

Publication Date: 
Sunday, November 18, 2012
Resource Type: 
Website

Litigation History of Cape Wind

Source/Sponsor: 
Cape Wind
Creator/Author: 
Cape Wind
Description: 

Cape Wind gives a brief overview of the litigation that the project has been involved in since 2003. Of the 32 cases filed against Cape Wind, 26 ruled in favor of Cape Wind, 5 were withdrawn, and the one ruling against was temporary. 

pdf
373 KB
Publication Date: 
Friday, May 2, 2014
Resource Type: 
Document

Testimony of Audra Parker

Source/Sponsor: 
US House Committee on Science, Space and Technology
Creator/Author: 
Audra Parker
Description: 

During a hearing on House of Representatives hearing on Cape Wind, Audra Parker, representing the Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound, provides this testimony arguing against the Cape Wind project. She argues that there will be adverse economic impacts, public safety risks, impacts on tribal lands, and adverse environmental effects. 

pdf
892 KB
Publication Date: 
Tuesday, April 16, 2013
Resource Type: 
Document

New Hampshire HB 1312

Source/Sponsor: 
State of New Hampshire
Creator/Author: 
State of New Hampshire
Description: 

House Bill 1312 is an act to establish a committee to explore the potential for offshore wind power in New Hampshire. The committee is made up of three members of the House of Representatives, and three members of the State Senate. A final report is due on November 1, 2014. 

pdf
100 KB
Publication Date: 
Wednesday, February 19, 2014
Resource Type: 
Document

Background Information on Offshore Wind in New Hampshire

Source/Sponsor: 
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services
Creator/Author: 
Thomas Burack
Description: 

The Commisioner of NHDES provides background information on offshore wind to the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, which is considering HB 1312, legislation to establish a to develop a report on offshore wind energy development. The Commissioner's letter describes the current state of offshore wind activities in New Hampshire.  It focuses on permitting, siting, and technology available and refers to advancements made in Maine as an example  for potential projects in New Hampshire.

pdf
197 KB
Publication Date: 
Friday, March 28, 2014
Resource Type: 
Document

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